Studies

MIT and AF&PA China White Paper

China’s action to limit imports of recovered paper has disrupted the overall recovered fiber market in the U.S. and other major recovered fiber generating regions.

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), working with AF&PA, published this White Paper to quantify the volume of recovered fiber potentially affected by the China import policy, identify which U.S. manufacturing sectors could theoretically consume additional recovered fiber that would otherwise be exported to China, and using input from subject matter experts, suggest potential ways to address fiber gaps.

Recovered fiber markets are complex, efficient and dynamic. Industry responses include:

  • Domestic consumption of mixed papers has increased in 2018 and new production capacity designed to utilize recovered fiber is being planned.
  • Exports of recovered paper previously shipped to China are finding new markets around the world.
  • Increased awareness of the importance of quality in processing recyclable materials is causing municipalities to improve the performance of materials recovery facilities.

Download the White Paper here.